This prayer is the capstone of Jesus’ “Farewell Discourse“, and it occurs right before He and His disciples go to the Garden of Gethsemane for His arrest, and ultimately crucifixion. The final countdown to His crucifixion has already begun, and He is painfully-aware of it.
While His immediate “audience” was His disciples, we get a “front-row-seat” through the Gospels. As we will see later in the text, Jesus not only prayed for His disciples, He prayed for us too. While the “Lord’s Prayer” is a model of brevity, short and sweet, the “High Priestly Prayer” is the longest recorded prayer from Jesus lips in the Bible.
The High Priestly Prayer
17 Jesus spoke these things; and lifting up His eyes to heaven, He said, “Father, the hour has come; glorify Your Son, that the Son may glorify You, 2 even as You gave Him authority over all flesh, that to all whom You have given Him, He may give eternal life. 3 This is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent. 4 I glorified You on the earth, having accomplished the work which You have given Me to do. 5 Now, Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.
When we pray, we often bow our heads and may even kneel before God, but Jesus lifted His eyes to heaven to pray. It is totally-appropriate that we bow before God when we confess our sins and cast ourselves totally on His mercy, as well as when we lift our petitions up to Him, but when we give praises to God and adore Him for who He is, wouldn’t it also be appropriate for us to lift our eyes towards heaven, raise our arms, and shout forth His praises?
He said, “Father, the hour has come;”… This is the “hour” He has spoken of many times, beginning back at the Wedding in Cana, the appointed time of His crucifixion. He is less than twenty-four hours from the Cross. We don’t know when we will take our final breath, but Jesus did, and His anxiety was growing rapidly.
“Glorify Your Son, that the Son may glorify You”… In a very real sense, Jesus was asking His Father to accept His sacrifice on our behalf. After Adam and Eve fell, their whole relationship with God came unraveled, but God wasn’t “happy” with the “new-normal“. Mankind was created for intimate fellowship with God, so God kicked His “plan of redemption” into gear, beginning with the promise of a Redeemer in Genesis 3:15. That “plan of redemption” is the “golden-strand” which runs all the way through the Bible from Genesis to Revelation. How would God be glorified? When His “plan of redemption” was accomplished, which Jesus did on the Cross. God is glorified when we put our faith and trust in Him.
2 “Even as You gave Him authority over all flesh,”... Jesus, as Creator-God, has authority over all of creation, whether we acknowledge Him or not.
“that to that to all whom You have given Him, He may give eternal life.” This is our clearest-basis for believing in “definite-redemption “and “limited-atonement“. When Jesus died on the Cross, He didn’t “shotgun” redemption, hoping that it would hit some, but knowing that it would miss others. Jesus died for specific people, “all whom You have given Him“, so we are NOT believers by “accident” or “quirk of fate“.
3 This is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent. How can we have “eternal life“? By believing in Jesus Christ. (John 3:16)
4 I glorified You on the earth, having accomplished the work which You have given Me to do. 5 Now, Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.
How was God glorified? God was glorified by Jesus Christ accomplishing redemption, and Jesus would be further glorified when He ascended back into Heaven. Jesus lived the life we could not live, and He died the death that we deserve so that we DON’T get what we deserve – eternal-separation from God.
6 “I have manifested Your name to the men whom You gave Me out of the world; they were Yours and You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word. 7 Now they have come to know that everything You have given Me is from You; 8 for the words which You gave Me I have given to them; and they received them and truly understood that I came forth from You, and they believed that You sent Me. 9 I ask on their behalf; I do not ask on behalf of the world, but of those whom You have given Me; for they are Yours; 10 and all things that are Mine are Yours, and Yours are Mine; and I have been glorified in them. 11 I am no longer in the world; and yet they themselves are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep them in Your name, the name which You have given Me, that they may be one even as We are. 12 While I was with them, I was keeping them in Your name which You have given Me; and I guarded them and not one of them perished but the son of perdition, so that the Scripture would be fulfilled.
Jesus has revealed the Father as never before, and made no bones about being sent to Earth BY the Father. There was a total-unity of purpose for Jesus coming to Earth to take on our human-flesh, and He would finally fulfill the long-awaited promise of a Redeemer.
It still wasn’t fully-evident that His disciples really “got-it“, but they would soon.
11 I am no longer in the world; and yet they themselves are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep them in Your name, the name which You have given Me, that they may be one even as We are. 12 While I was with them, I was keeping them in Your name which You have given Me; and I guarded them and not one of them perished but the son of perdition, so that the Scripture would be fulfilled.
As Jesus is preparing to die on the cross, be resurrected, and ascend back into heaven, He knows that He will no longer be able to directly-protect His disciples, so He commits them to His Father’s care.
It is counter-intuitive to us that Jesus would pick a traitor, Judas Iscariot, to be part of His inner-circle, but it was all part of the Plan. Because Jesus also allowed him to be their “treasurer“, he has already shown his true-colors as being a thief also. How many times had he “siphoned-off” money for his own purposes? It would certainly seem that Judas wasn’t “sold-out” to Jesus; rather he just hung-out for the “perks“. He LOVED being on “welfare“, “Jesus-style“, because all he had to do was follow Jesus around and pretend to listen once in a while.
The Disciples in the World
13 But now I come to You; and these things I speak in the world so that they may have My joy made full in themselves. 14 I have given them Your word; and the world has hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world. 15 I do not ask You to take them out of the world, but to keep them from the evil one. 16 They are not of the world, even as I am not of the world. 17 Sanctify them in the truth; Your word is truth. 18 As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world. 19 For their sakes I sanctify Myself, that they themselves also may be sanctified in truth.
Why WOULDN’T Jesus want His disciples taken out of this world? Wouldn’t that seem to be the “best” way for them to avoid the trials and persecution they were going to experience after Pentecost? It would seem that way but… 18 As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world. How far would the Gospel have gone if Jesus had taken His disciples with Him back to Heaven? For starters, the New Testament would have never been written, so the new Kingdom of Heaven would have died on the vine before it had hardly gotten started. Jesus came to inaugurate a New Covenant and a New Kingdom, and His disciples were going to be critical to this moving forward. They were going to receive their new commission shortly after the Resurrection.
Rather than praying for their speedy-exit, Jesus prayed that they would be kept from the evil one, Satan. Even though Satan attacks ALL believers, he throws his fiercest assaults at church leaders, because the fastest way to “discredit” the church is to get its leaders to fall. Over the last several years, we have seen WAY TOO MANY prominent church-leaders fall, some into gross-sins. Satan must be dancing a jig over them.
One of the most critical things we can do for our spiritual-leaders is to pray for them, that they will be kept from the evil one, and that they will be faithful to Scripture. That is one of my persistent challenges as I prepare each week’s lesson is to remain faithful to the Bible.
20 “I do not ask on behalf of these alone, but for those also who believe in Me through their word; 21 that they may all be one; even as You, Father, are in Me and I in You, that they also may be in Us, so that the world may believe that You sent Me.
WOW!!! Did you catch what Jesus said in verse 20? Jesus wasn’t just praying for His immediate disciples, He was praying for US. We weren’t there, but we have believed by reading what the Apostles left for us, the Bible. We are members of the “Church-universal” across all ages and places. We are one Body, the Body of Christ.
Their Future Glory
22 The glory which You have given Me I have given to them, that they may be one, just as We are one; 23 I in them and You in Me, that they may be perfected in unity, so that the world may know that You sent Me, and loved them, even as You have loved Me. 24 Father, I desire that they also, whom You have given Me, be with Me where I am, so that they may see My glory which You have given Me, for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.
Jesus speaks of “unity” among believers as showing the world we are united to Christ, and He to His Heavenly Father. As desirable as this “unity” should be, it didn’t take long after the Apostles started expanding the Church until DISUNITY started gripping the Church. That disunity is rampant in Christendom today, and all the disunity and discord in the Church must grieve His soul terribly.
Heaven is frequently spoken of as “glory” or “glory-land” when a person goes “home” to be with the Lord, and we will indeed behold God in all of His glory when we get there. We will also see Jesus, our risen Lord, in all of His glory, our own flesh and blood, seated at the right hand of God the Father. How fabulous will THAT be? I can hardly wait.
25 “O righteous Father, although the world has not known You, yet I have known You; and these have known that You sent Me; 26 and I have made Your name known to them, and will make it known, so that the love with which You loved Me may be in them, and I in them.” (John 17)
We have become beneficiaries of the eternal love-relationship which has existed and does exist among the three persons of the Godhead. Jesus brought His disciples into that love-relationship, and as children of God, we have been brought into it too.
Our next stop will be in the Garden of Gethsemane for the events leading up to Jesus’ betrayal and arrest.